Anything could happen to our eyes in an instant, whether at the workplace or while engaging in recreation and sports. It is certain that our sight organs are too valuable to expose them to any unnecessary hazards. Those who opt for proper care are on the safe side.
A frequently used German saying - “Das kann ins Auge gehen” (literally, “That could get into your eyes,” which actually means “That could go wrong”) hits the nail on the head: Indeed, our eyes are exposed to all manner of risks. The power of the sun’s rays is not to be underestimated. Naturally, they entice us out of doors, they caress the sea and they put a smile on our face. Unfortunately, where there is a bright side, there is also a shadow side. Ultra-violet rays, called UV rays for short, can be especially harmful to our eyes.
Sunlight is the most significant source of UV radiation and can damage various ocular tissues. The surface of the eye (snow blindness), the lenses (cataracts, also known as opacity) and the retina (solar maculopathy, macular degeneration) are in particular danger.
UV light consists of UV-A light (leads to skin tanning, but also skin ageing), UV-B light (leads to sunburn and skin cancer) and UV-C light (these are the most dangerous rays, but are almost completely blocked by the ozone layer).
What almost no one knows: Eyes can also get sunburn. The cornea and the conjunctiva are most affected. The highest risk is always when the sunlight is heavily reflected, something that can occur in a snow-covered landscape or when spending time by or in the water.
With the right glasses, however, everyone can optimally protect their eyes from dangerous UV rays. What you should keep in mind when purchasing a pair of sunglasses:
Eye protection is also often recommended for medical reasons. This primarily applies to people with increased UV radiation risk. These include:
Special protection for the eye is also very important for certain occupational activities. The following pose a hazard: